· The king moves one square in any direction - up, down, to the sides, and diagonally. Though the king is the pivotal piece, it is also one of the weakest.
· The queen moves any number of squares in any one direction - up, down, to the sides, and diagonally. That said, the queen cannot directly jump past a Chess piece from her side lies in the way.
· The rooks can move any number of squares but only in a straight direction - up, down, and to the sides. Rooks, when used together, can be deadly.
· The bishops can move any number of squares but only in diagonal lines in any direction. The two bishops start and finish the game on the same coloured space (white or black). All through the game, they remain and travel on this specific colour.
· The knights can move in any direction but in an ‘L’ path. They move two squares in any direction - forward, backward and side-to-side - followed by one square to the left or right. Knights can also 'jump over' the board, implying that they can move past any piece that is on their projected path.
· Pawns are mostly the first pieces you move when you play online Chess. Pawns can only move forward. The first move of the pawn can be either one or two squares. After the first turn, it moves only one square in the forward direction.
Pawns move diagonally when they have to capture an opponent piece, which is also one square diagonally in the forward direction. Pawns cannot jump past or capture pieces that are directly in front of them.